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Hereditary Hemochromatosis vs. Wilson Disease

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); General Features Hereditary hemochromatosis: disorder of iron overload Accumulation of iron resulting in toxicity of the liver, pancreas, joints, skin, heart, and endocrine organs Wilson disease (hepatolenticular...

Pleural Effusions: Transudate vs. Exudate

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Classifying Pleural Effusions A pleural effusion is an accumulation of fluid within the pleural space Determining the underlying cause is facilitated by thoracentesis and pleural fluid analysis The pleural fluid may...

Pterygium vs. Pinguecula

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Pterygium: fleshy triangular mass that extends to the cornea. May interfere with vision. Pinguecula: yellowish elevated bump or patch that does not grow across the cornea. Treatment is not usually necessary but can be...

Epistaxis

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Epistaxis may be classified as anterior or posterior nosebleeds. Anterior nosebleeds are most common, usually occurring at Kiesselbach’s plexus in the anterior nasal septum. Kiesselbach’s plexus consists of the...

Preeclampsia: Pathophysiology

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); General Features Preeclampsia is classically defined as the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation. New onset hypertension with significant end-organ dysfunction (with or without...

Acute Sinusitis

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); General Features Acute sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses usually due to a viral infection, but secondary bacterial infection can occur. Often precipitated by an upper respiratory infection....

Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Osteoarthritis (OA)Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Degenerative disease that causes articular cartilage loss and joint space narrowing.Autoimmune disease that causes inflammatory synovitis. Heberden's nodes are bony...

The Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal Axis

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Adrenal Glands The adrenal glands are triangular shaped organs that sit on top of the kidneys. Each adrenal gland is composed of an outer portion called the cortex, and an inner portion called the medulla. The...

Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma)

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); General Features An acoustic neuroma is a benign Schwann cell-derived tumor of the eighth cranial nerve. Also known as a vestibular schwannoma. Usually unilateral In neurofibromatosis type 2, acoustic neuromas are...