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Salter-Harris Fractures Remix

Pediatric physeal fractures have traditionally been described by the five-part Salter-Harris classification system. Type I fractures occur through the growth plate. These injuries may present with normal radiographs and the diagnosis is often made clinically when...

Abnormal structures in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder and the most common cause of dementia. Neurons communicate via chemical messages passed between two cells across a small gap called a synapse. In AD, abnormal cellular structures lead to a loss of synapses...

Cardiac Tamponade

Cardiac tamponade is an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac that compresses the heart, impairs diastolic filling, and leads to a reduction in cardiac output. Tamponade is most often caused by penetrating trauma. Other causes of acute cardiac tamponade include...

Avoid poor rapport

People can sense when you’re in a rush or focusing too much on an electronic health record (EHR). We must appreciate the importance of bedside manner and establishing trust with patients. Compassion is often more effective than a quick Z-pack. I’ve been told by...

Scoliosis and the Cobb Angle

Scoliosisis a lateral curvature of the spine. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis which typically has an onset after 10 years of age. The degree of curvature of the spine is determined by the Cobb angle. A curve with a Cobb angle ≥ 10...

Sensory Supply to the Hand

This Medcomic depicts the cutaneous innervation of the hand. The ulnar nerve supplies half of the fourth digit and the entire fifth digit on the dorsal and palmar aspects of the hand. The ulnar nerve supply extends proximally to the wrist. Dorsally, the median nerve...

Chickenpox vs. Shingles

The varicella-zoster virus causes varicella (chickenpox) and shingles (herpes zoster). It is very contagious. Chickenpox is usually a childhood infection that begins with a prodrome of fever, headache, and malaise followed by a generalized vesicular rash. It is...

Ectopic Pregnancy

In ectopic pregnancy, implantation occurs outside of the uterus. The most common site is the fallopian tube, but other possible sites include the pelvic or abdominal cavity, uterine cornu, cervix, or ovary. Risk factors include previous ectopic pregnancy, history of...

Barrett Esophagus

Barrett esophagus is a condition in which intestinal metaplastic columnar epithelium replaces the stratified squamous epithelium that normally lines the distal esophagus. The condition develops as a consequence of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) due to...