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Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma)

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); General Features An acoustic neuroma is a benign Schwann cell-derived tumor of the eighth cranial nerve. Also known as a vestibular schwannoma. Usually unilateral In neurofibromatosis type 2, acoustic...

Monteggia vs. Galeazzi Fractures

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Definitions A Monteggia fracture is a fracture of the proximal ulna with dislocation of the radial head. There are four types, based on the direction that the radial head is displaced (Bado...

Heart Failure: Systolic vs. Diastolic Dysfunction

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); General Considerations Heart failure­ is defined as the inability of the heart to provide sufficient output to meet the metabolic demands of the body. Heart failure may be classified by symptom severity...

Functional Classification of Heart Failure

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Functional Classification Systems The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification is based on the amount of activity needed to elicit symptoms from the patient. The American...

Heart Failure: Pathophysiology

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); General Features and Pathophysiology Heart failure (HF)­ is defined as the inability of the heart to provide sufficient output to meet the metabolic demands of the body. Most often a chronic condition, but...

Hodgkin Lymphoma

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a clonal B-cell malignancy that resides predominantly in the lymphatic system. HL tends to develop within a single lymph node region and spreads in an orderly fashion to adjacent lymph nodes....

Typical Community Acquired Pneumonia

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an acute infection of the lung parenchyma acquired outside of the hospital or less than 48 hours after hospital admission. CAP is classified into typical and atypical subtypes,...

Visual Release Hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome)

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Visual release hallucinations, also known as Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS), refers to symptoms of visual hallucinations that occur due to vision loss from any underlying cause. The underlying condition may affect the...

Pityriasis Rosea

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Pityriasis rosea is an acute, self-limited eruption of oval, scaly papules and plaques with a distinctive morphology. Females are affected more often than males, and it most common in teenagers and young adults....