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Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a gradual accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that causes the ventricles of the brain to enlarge. The condition occurs with a normal or slightly elevated CSF pressure. NPH is characterized by a classic triad of dementia,...

Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) is a pre-excitation syndrome of intermittent tachycardia that results from an accessory pathway (the bundle of Kent) directly connecting the atria and the ventricles. The anomalous pathyway allows electrical activity to bypass the...

Pen the Doctor Borrowed (PTDB)

Pen the Doctor Borrowed (PTDB) is a condition that occurs when a student loans their pen to a preceptor and never sees it returned. Common symptoms include anxiety, diaphoresis, and decreased funds due to new pen purchases. PTDB affects millions of students every day....

Types of Jaundice

Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by an excess accumulation of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin (a tetrapyrrole) is a product of red blood cell (RBC) breakdown. Jaundice becomes visible when the bilirubin level is...

Scabies

Scabies is an infestation of the skin by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. It causes generalized intractable pruritus with a characteristic distribution pattern. Risk factors include immunosuppression and crowded living conditions. Scabies is easily transmitted through skin...

Fibrocystic Changes vs. Fibroadenoma

Fibrocystic changes (previously known as fibrocystic disease) is a benign breast condition consisting of fibrous (rubbery) and cystic changes in the breast. It’s a catchall term that refers to wide variety of benign histologic changes in the breast epithelium....

Dental Caries (cavities)

Dental caries (cavities) is tooth decay caused by bacteria in dental plaque. Streptococcus mutans is a gram positive, anaerobic bacterium that causes caries. Pain occurs as the caries progress. Left untreated, caries lead to tooth destruction, infection, and loss of...

Visualize the Abnormal Prostate

In this Medcomic, we’ll visualize three common abnormalities of the prostate. Let’s meet our new friends. On the left is Burney and he could certainly benefit from a trial of antibiotics and an analgesic. The large fellow in the middle straining to urinate goes by the...

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, or “triple A”) is an abnormal dilation of the abdominal aorta, usually due to atherosclerosis. An aneurysm is considered to be present when the diameter exceeds 3 cm and the most common site is the infrarenal aorta. Risk factors...

Tension Pneumothorax: a Medcomic Emergency

This Medcomic gives us a snapshot at how the heart and lungs react when faced with a tension pneumothorax. This life-threatening condition develops as air accumulates in the pleural space, compresses the lung, and shifts the mediastinum. The air that enters the...